The 2nd ACCTA Conference was held by the Alliance of Cloud Computing Technologies and Applications (ACCTA) on May 27th. Total of 117 participants, including invited alliance members and experts from industrial, governmental, academic, and research fields, joined discussions on technology and applications of cloud computing. In the beginning of conference, NCHC’s Deputy Director Dr. Wei-cheng Huang delivered the welcoming address, pointing out that ACCTA had established rigid foundation in the first year (2010) and this year will be the year for its thorough development. Meanwhile, the related facilities for cloud-computing, constructed by NCHC last year, will be gradually open for use in order to satisfy the demand of domestic cloud-computing services.
The Vice President of NCTU, Dr. Yi-bing Lin, delivered the first speech, entitled “Where Can We Find The Business Opportunities in The Cloud?” First, he pointed out that cloud-computing has become an important computing model. However, people do not have a clear understanding of how it performs business operations, maintains security, and fits in with energy saving and environmental conservation. Dr. Lin said that a cloud can be divided into two aspects – the provider’s “cloud” and the user’s “end”. The “end” side must be in significant scale to reach the efficiency in business operation and environmental conservation. Therefore, he believed that, in order to develop cloud industry, Taiwan should start from providing the government with what it needs. It is inappropriate for foreign firms to provide the cloud resources for the government, so it will be a great opportunity for domestic industries to develop cloud resources. Until cultivating a considerable scale of operations, techniques, and experiences, the Taiwanese cloud industry will be capable of being internationalized and successful.
¡½ The Vice President of NCTU, Dr. Yi-bing Lin, spoke on “Where Can We Find The Business Opportunities in The Cloud?”
Next, the Division Director Patrick Fu of the ITRI’s Cloud Computing Center for Mobile Applications (CCMA), based on the topic of “From Virtualization to Private Clouds,” explained that cloud-computing is not a new technique but a pattern transformation in aspects of technology, business, etc. The virtualization concept and techniques have been introduced since the 1990s. At the time, virtualization had no direct connection with cloud technology, but now it has become a critical technique in cloud computing. With public clouds becoming mature, private clouds are likely to become the next dominant field in cloud computing. Many enterprises are interested in establishing private clouds; however, new concerns, such as information security, will come up again. As it isn’t cost-effective for enterprises to establish their own clouds, it is better to purchase cloud computing services.
¡½ Division Director Patrick Fu of ITRI spoke on “From Virtualization to Private Clouds”
Computing, networking, and storage are the three main pillars of cloud technology. The establishment of confidence in information security is closely related to network transmission. The third speech, “Cloud Virtual Network Techniques and Future Internet Testbed”, given by Dr. Te-lung Liu, a researcher of NCHC, was an analytical comparison in the development of a cloud virtual-switch. The analysis was also a reference for IDC operators while establishing the network infrastructure and for the data centers while building the interconnection or cross-network operations. In this speech, the NCHC’s ongoing “Future Internet Testbed Project” was also briefly introduced. This project is currently the most popular one in the academia, which is expected to conduct some researches on the testing platform to improve the design of early networks and further to make the networks meet the current transmission requirements in clouds. At present, on TWAREN, the NCHC has established an experimental network connecting to the StarLight facility of the Northwestern University’s iGENI project. Various universities can also have access to the iGENI project via the TWAREN, and Chunghwa Telecom Research Institute has also joined the project through the NCHC.
¡½ NCHC researcher, Dr. Te-lung Liu, explained the virtual network infrastructure for the cloud
In the fourth lecture, Analyst Chi-shan Lu of the Financial Data Center, Ministry of Finance, was specially invited to address the topic of “The Conception of Electronic Invoice Cloud.” The Uniform Invoice, developed successfully by providing prizes for winning numbers, is one of Taiwan’s pioneering works. According to statistics, 80 billion invoices are issued annually on average, which is as the same amount of two Daan Forest Parks in aspects of tree-consuming. If those invoices are cloudized, the electronic invoices would be equivalent to 21 million transactions, which requires huge service capacity. Although the current implementation of e-invoicing still faces challenges in many areas, such as laws, concepts, consumer behavior, and the thinking of interest groups, it is believed that, with the maturing and the advancing of cloud technology, the new thinking and new social practices will be brought by e-invoicing. The age of e-invoicing will soon emerge.
¡½ Analyst Chi-shan Lu, Ministry of Finance, spoke on the idea of constructing the e-invoice cloud
Mr. Steve Su, the technical consultant on collaboration at VMware, delivered the fifth speech of “How to Construct the Next Generation Cloud Technology Platform”. He explained that virtualization is the first critical step in successfully moving towards cloud computing. As the world’s top company in virtualization and cloud infrastructure, VMware provides virtualization-based cloud deployment and management solutions to help greatly lower IT complexity. Finally, the NCHC researcher, Mr. Sam Chu, addressed the topic of “Cloud Storage Services and Development Trends”. He briefly introduced the functions of cloud storage, the SNIA, which is the international standards organization for cloud storage, and the CDMI (Cloud Data Management Interface) trend announced by SNIA. Mr. Chu mentioned that the CDMI mainly defined and described a standard interface for data exchange between the client-side platform and the cloud. This was an important and initial step in the standardization of cloud storage, and the development was worth paying attention to. He subsequently introduced the current storage architecture at NCHC.
¡½ Mr. Steve Su of VMware introduced virtualization-based solutions
¡½ NCHC researcher Sam Chu introduced cloud storage
The ACCTA greatly appreciated that lecturers shared their experiences and constituted a rich feast of knowledge for the participants. The ACCTA specially thanks the MOF analyst Chi-shan Lu for sharing the concept of the e-invoice cloud. It allowed participants to understand the application cases and the business opportunities of government cloud. In addition, the IC Broadcasting Company interviewed the ACCTA and reported this activity. In the future, the ACCTA will regularly hold conferences and engage in technical exchanges with all regions to create a turning point for Taiwan’s development of cloud technology.
¡½ IC Broadcasting Company interviewed Dr. Jerry Chang (middle), General Secretary of ACCTA, and Dr. Chi-min Yao (right), Deputy Director of NCHC